“I am just drawing a long breath from having signed – a few moments since – a most portentous parchment: the lease of a smallish, charming, cheap old house in the country – down at Rye – for twenty-one years!” Henry James on Lamb House
Visit Lamb House (now owned by the National Trust)
Lamb House was home to Henry James, E F Benson and Rumer Godden. Now owned by the National Trust, the house and garden is open to the public at certain times in the year, The house was built in 1722 by James Lamb, a wealthy wine merchant and local politician. In the winter of 1726 King George I took refuge at the house after his ship was washed ashore at nearby Camber Sands. For opening hours see National Trust website
Rye is proud of it’s literary heritage and it continues to attract readers and writers alike. There are many literary events through the year, particularly at The Rye Arts Festival, which will be celebrating 50 years in September. Book lovers will enjoy browsing in the Rye Bookshop in the High Street which has a section devoted to Sussex writers who have made Rye their home. The list of writers who have made Rye their home is shown below so you can enjoy a literary trail.
Henry James (1843-1916) – Lamb House
American author Henry James was captivated by Rye. He was 55 when he moved in to Lamb House and already an established literary figure on both sides of the Atlantic. Many literary figures visited him there, including H G Wells who lived in Sandgate near Folkestone, Edith Wharton, Rudyard Kipling, Ford Maddox Ford (novelist, poet and editor who lived in Winchelsea) and Max Beerbohm, caricaturist and writer whose wit captured the absurd and pretentious.
E F Benson (1843-1916) – Lamb House
Rye’s famous and best loved author is probably E F Benson who lived at Lamb House with his brother after Henry James’s death in 1916. Benson’s fictional town of Tilling in his Mapp & Lucia novels, is based on Rye and was made into a series by the BBC a few years ago. Visitors to Lamb House will be able to find out more about the making of Mapp and Lucia thanks to a small display made possible as the result of location fees for the filming. Bombed during the Second World War, the garden room at Lamb House was recreated for the BBC filming of Mapp and Lucia.
Literary Talks & Events
Rye Arts Festival
10 to 26th September 2021
This year is the 50th anniversary of the festival and to mark it the programme will be packed with literary events, classical and contemporary music, books and talks, theatre and film, walks and tours and other special events. See Rye Arts festival for details. Poster from a previous Festival.
Rumer Godden (1907-1998)
Rumer Godden was the last of the three famous writeres who lived at Lamb House. She is perhaps best know for Blak Narcisuss and The River which were both turned into films. The BBC recently made a new serialisation of Black Narcissus which can be watched on iPlayer. Radclyffe Hall was a regular guest at Jeakes House guest house in Mermaid Street (pictured) when it was owned by Conrad Aitken. She lived at Lamb House between 1967 – 1974 and also at Harshorn House in Mermaid Street. Film available at Amazon.
Mabel Lucy Attwell (1879-1964)
Children’s illustrator, Mabel Lucy Attwell, lived in Rye in the 1920’s in a Tudor house opposite the Mermaid Inn called ‘Robin Hill’. It was described in the Beatrix Potter books, Tale of the Faithful Dove, and in the old song “There’s an old fashioned house on an old fashioned street“.
Radclyffe Hall (1880 – 1943)
Novelist Radclyffe Hall lied in Rye with her great friend, Lady Una Troubridge between 1928 and 1943. She lived in various houses including Santa Maria in West Street, 8 Watchbell Street, The Forecastle in Hucksteps Row off 5!. Her best known books are the lesbian themed Well of Loneliness and the Sixth Beatitude (about life on Hucksteps Row).
Conrad Aitken (1889-1963) & Joan Aitken (1924-2004)
Conrad Aiken, a Pulitzer prize winner, whose guests included TS Eliot and Radclyffe Hall, cherished his home and described the view from his first floor study in Mermaid Street as “a mile of green Romney Marsh and the blue edge of the Channel. His daughter, Joan Aiken, a famous children’s writer, whose books included The Wolves of Willoughby Chase, was born in Rye in 1924.
Malcom Saville (1901-1982)
Malcom Saville is best known as an author of chidrens fiction but he also wrote books about the English countryside. He lived for many years at Chelsea cottage in Winchelsea. The Malcom Saville Society has regular events to celebrate his work and to explore parts of the countryside that he loved. www.thewitchend.com
Spike Milligan (1918-2002)
Spike Milligan, actor writer and comedian, lived in Dumbwoman’s Lane, Udimore, near Rye. He is buried at St Thomas’s Church, Winchelsea, which has become a pace of pilgrimage for his fans. If you visit the churchyard to see Spike’s gravestone, you may recognise the setting for the Millais painting The Blind Girl (1854) which is set against the background of Strand Hill with St Thomas’s Church on the horizon. His own epitaphin Gaelic which translated means ‘I told you I was ill’.
John Ryan (1922-2009) Creator of Pugwash
John Ryan, author, illustrator and animator, creator of Captain Pugwash the swashbuckling pirate, lived in Rye near the Ypres Tower (pictured). Lovers of Pugwash may recognise parts of Rye in his famous Pugwash drawings. A retrospective of John Ryan can be seen here
John Howlett (4 April 1940 – 4 March 2019)
John Howett was a novelist, biographer and writer for film, radio, television and stage. Together with David Sherwin he created If…., One of the key films in British cinema history and based on his experience of private school. He wrote biographies of James Dean and Frank Sinatra. He was a well loved resident of Rye, known for his strong political beliefs and his love of Europe. He wrote a series of books in his later years which can be purchased from his website www.johnhowlett.co.uk
Literary Trails just outside Rye
Make Rye your base and travel a short distance to enjoy houses owned by writers and performers in the past.
Literary Festival & Art Gallery at Charleston
From 1916 Charleston was the home and country meeting place for the Bloomsbury Set. Charleston Place and Art Gallery, in Firle, near Lewes, is open to the public and has an annual literary festival. See Charleston House.